Well, the hydroponic farming system is very much popular these days as compared to the traditional farming. In cities, there is no land left for growing crops or plants. Hydroponic is the solution of those problems. Hydroponic use less amount of space and water. It is also called soilless farming.
You know, that soil based farming is very difficult and it requires a lot of machinery, land, water, pesticides and many other things.
Also, it depends on weather, if there is the shortage of rain then crop become damaged. That results in loss of farmers.
So hydroponic irrigation systems require fewer amounts of water, no pesticides, no herbicides, free to grow anywhere.
This technique is used in many countries all over the world. In the beginning, it seems like it is very difficult but once you are familiar, you understand that it is quite easy.
There are some types of techniques that are used in hydroponic farming:
Wick system: It is very simple to use as it involves no moving parts, no use of water or air pumps. Here are wicks that are used to add nutrients and water into the plant zone.
This type of system is used for small plants that require less amount of water. You have to place wick carefully otherwise it can destroy your plants. Also, it is not useful for large plants.
Deep water culture system: It is s also known as DWC. It is made up of Styrofoam and can float directly on the solution of nutrients.
It is best for fast growing water plant, leaf lettuce which contains a continuous supply of water, oxygen, and nutrients. It’s not expensive and you can use easily at home as it requires less maintenance and care.
Nutrient film technique system: They require a constant flow of nutrient solutions; this solution is pumped into a tray. When this solution reaches at the end, it comes back to the reservoir and recycled again and again. For more information on Hydroponic irrigation systems techniques, you can also visit http://www.climatecontrol.com/water-treatment/.
Aeroponic system: In this high tech hydroponic setup, roots of the plant are hanged in the air, because of use of excess oxygen and mist over the nutrient solution. It also uses a time control system that runs the pump automatically in regular intervals.
So if you want to grow plants or crops in any climate condition or you have no land for farming then hydroponic systems are the best option for you.